What separates a hacker from your average Joe is mainly skill and time. Sure, anyone can become a hacker with enough time and effort put into learning the ropes, but not everyone has the dedication required to become an expert.

Hackers have a bad reputation, but not all of them are out to steal your money or ruin your life. In fact, many hackers are employed by either the government or private companies to test security systems for vulnerabilities. But how do they do it? Let’s take a look at some of the most common methods hackers use to gain access to systems.

Social Engineering

One of the most common methods hackers use to gain access to systems is through social engineering. This is basically when hackers trick people into giving them information or access that they wouldn’t normally have. For example, a hacker might call someone pretending to be from IT and say that there’s a problem with their computer. They might then ask the person for their password so that they can “fix” the issue. Of course, once they have the password, they can then access the system and do whatever they want with it.

Social engineering hacks sometimes have strange outcomes. For instance, when Jane’s Facebook account was hacked, the hacker discovered that she had been stealing from her nonprofit workplace. She was immediately reported to the company and fired. With no job and a criminal record, Jane was struggling to make ends meet. She tried to find another job, but no one would hire her with a theft conviction. Finally, she decided to start stealing again and reselling stolen goods online, but this time she was caught and sent to prison. This is an example of one criminal outing another.

Another example of social engineering would be if a hacker emailed someone pretending to be their boss and asked for sensitive information like account numbers or passwords. Again, once they have this information, they can use it to their advantage.

Brute Force Attacks

Another method hackers use is called brute force attacks. This is basically when hackers try every possible combination of characters until they find the correct password. While this might sound like it would take forever, modern computers can try millions of combinations in just a second.

A brute force attack is a type of hacking technique that is used to gain access to a system or network by trying every possible combination of login credentials until the correct ones are found. This can be done manually by a hacker sitting at a keyboard, or it can be done automatically using special software. Either way, it is a very time-consuming and often futile process, since most systems have safeguards in place to prevent or discourage brute force attacks. For example, many systems will lock an account after a certain number of failed login attempts, making it impossible to continue trying different combinations. However, some hackers are persistent enough to wait for the account to be unlocked before starting their attack again. As a result, brute force attacks can be difficult to protect against but are generally not considered to be a serious threat.

That’s why it’s important to use strong passwords that are at least 8 characters long and include numbers, symbols, and both upper and lower case letters.

SQL Injection Attacks

SQL injection attacks are one of the most common types of attacks on websites. This is because most websites use databases to store information like user accounts, comments, etc. Hackers can exploit vulnerabilities in these databases to insert malicious code that can give them access to sensitive information or even allow them to delete data entirely.


These are just a few of the methods that hackers use to gain access to systems. Of course, there are many more out there as well. The best way to protect yourself from these attacks is by being aware of them and taking steps to prevent them. For example, you can use strong passwords, install security software on your devices, and only click on links from trusted sources. By following these simple tips, you can help keep yourself safe from potential hacks.